Archdiocese Local Religious life

Missionary Bishop Hermes remembered for faith, social action

Bishop Emeritus Herbert Hermes, OSB, 84, died Jan. 3 of complications from pneumonia. Much of his ministry was in Brazil where he was bishop of the Prelacy of Cristalandia.

by Joe Bollig

KANSAS CITY, Kan. — The letter then-Father Herbert Hermes, OSB, received from the apostolic nunciature in Brazil was most unwelcome.

With apprehension, he opened and read it at midnight on June 9, 1990.

At the time, the monk from St. Benedict’s Abbey in Atchison was assigned to the abbey’s mission outreach — St. Joseph Priory in Mineiros, Brazil.

And the letter contained an important question.

Would the Kansas monk accept the Holy Father’s appointment to become bishop of the Prelacy of Cristalandia?

“I immediately went to the chapel,” Bishop Hermes recounted much later, “and there, before the Blessed Sacrament, I fought against the proposal.”

The Benedictine, born in Shallow Water, came from a modest, working- class family in this small Kansas town.

“I didn’t feel comfortable with the prestige of [being] a member of the hierarchy, with a title ‘prince of the church,’ with reverences and kissing of my hand,” he said.

Cristalandia was a land so poor and the church there so weak that it couldn’t even rate as a diocese. The prelacy had experienced four years of neglect because the previous two bishops were limited by serious illnesses.

Prayer did not yield the monk the answer he’d hoped for.

“The phrase, ‘They are like sheep without a shepherd,’ kept bombarding my thoughts,” he said.

“Finally, at 4 a.m., I gave in and accepted trying to be ‘pastor’ of this ‘flock without a shepherd,’” he continued.

Father Hermes was ordained a bishop on Sept. 2, 1990.

And what a shepherd he was.

He worked hard — and effectively — to build up the church spiritually and temporally.

He was a tireless advocate for human rights, so much so that, for a time, he was on a hit list of a death squad sponsored by powerful business interests in Brazil.

Even after he retired to St. Joseph the Worker Parish in Paraiso do Tocantins in 2008, Bishop Hermes continued to advocate for the poor and oppressed.

On Jan. 3, however, the poor and oppressed of Brazil lost a shepherd.

Bishop Emeritus Hermes, 84, died of complications from pneumonia at the General Hospital of Palmas, Tocantins.

A funeral Mass was celebrated at St. Joseph the Worker Parish. He was buried in the crypt of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in Cristalandia, Tocantins.

Bishop Hermes was born on May 25, 1933, in Shallow Water, about eight miles south of Scott City. He was the ninth child of John Nicholas and Mary Ann (Hilger) Hermes. He was born five minutes before his identical twin brother Norbert, the family’s tenth child.

The future bishop and Norbert learned from their older brothers to serve Mass at St. Joseph Parish in Scott City, where the family had moved.

“We started when we were in the third grade,” said Norbert Hermes, now a member of Sacred Heart Cathedral Parish in Salina. “We could hardly see above the altar, and could barely reach the [Roman Missal].”

Bishop Hermes was educated in public schools and, after high school graduation in 1951, went to St. Benedict’s College in Atchison, which was run by the Benedictine monks of St. Benedict’s Abbey. He became a novice on July 11, 1954, and took solemn vows in 1957. He also graduated in May that year with degrees in biology and philosophy. He completed theological studies and was ordained a priest on May 26, 1960.

At the time, St. Benedict’s Abbey was establishing a mission foundation in Mineiros, Brazil.

“I volunteered as a [transitional] deacon and was accepted after [priestly] ordination,” Bishop Hermes said in a 2011 interview.

When he arrived in Brazil in October 1962, the future bishop couldn’t speak a word of Portuguese. After a 16-week course, he began his ministry in February 1963 at St. Joseph Priory in Mineiros. He became pastor in 1972.

Father Duane G. Roy, OSB, on the occasion of Bishop Hermes’ 20th anniversary in 2010, wrote: “During the 19 years of his episcopal duties, Bishop Herbert ordained sixteen diocesan priests . . . created seven parishes . . . [and] subdivided the prelacy in five pastoral regions. He welcomed . . . several religious congregations of men and women; and promoted numerous encounters, assemblies and meetings for the formation of his pastoral agents.”

Bishop Hermes was active in many organizations promoting the human, social, political and economic rights of indigenous and poor persons, who were often exploited and victimized by powerful alliances of corrupt government and business. He exposed the practice of modern slavery and worked to rescue the enslaved.

In 1994, he created the Center of Human Rights of Cristalandia and established offshoots called Human Rights Nucleos. In 2002, he received national recognition as a Distinguished Personality in Human Rights.

“Bishop Hermes understood that the basic need of many people was to own their own piece of land and learn a basic trade to escape poverty,” said Joel Hermes, a nephew who belongs to St. Michael the Archangel Parish in Leawood. “The bishop knew full well the dangers of taking on the elite class and speaking out for the impoverished.

“He would not be intimidated.”

A niece, Lori Wilbur from Little Rock, Arkansas, remembered how the whole family would gather for reunions when Bishop Hermes visited. Her father Norbert, she and her siblings would all help distribute the bishop’s newsletters and promote his causes.

She came to understand why the Latin word “fiat” was on his bishop’s miter.

“He was an inspiration,” said Wilbur. “He would come back and raise funds for the ministries and for his social justice work among the poor. It was always an inspiration to see how he lived his life . . . [It was] a constant ‘yes’ to God.”

Bishop Hermes inspired a cousin and a nephew as they sought their own vocations in the priesthood.

Not only did he baptize his nephew Father Alphonsus Hermes, O.Praem., he also ordained him a priest on June 29, 2001.

“Something that impacts me today is . . . I remember him saying many times about his concern for the excluded,” said Father Alphonsus, a Norbertine priest at St. Michael’s Abbey in Silverado, California. “He said it with a lot of passion. He really felt for those who were excluded.”

A cousin, Father Michael Hermes, pastor of St. Paul Parish in Olathe, was also ordained by Bishop Hermes. The bishop would often stop in to see him on visits to see family in Kansas.

“He would tell us so many stories of the mission in Brazil,” said Father Hermes. “I visited him twice in Brazil. . . . I was so impressed with his energy, his love for the people and his advocacy for justice and human rights driven by the Gospel and Catholic social teaching.”

“I think he was a true missionary,” he continued. “He adopted himself into Brazilian culture and into the church in Brazil. He loved Jesus. He loved the church. He loved Brazil. He loved the people of Cristalandia.

“Everything he did in his life was motivated by love.”

Bishop Hermes is survived by two brothers, Norbert in Salina and Eugene in Montana; a sister, Lucilla Herman in Oklahoma; nephews and nieces; and his brother monks and priests at St. Benedict’s Abbey and the Prelacy of Cristalandia. He was preceded in death by his parents, three sisters and four brothers.

Memorials in honor of Bishop Hermes may be sent to St. Benedict’s Abbey, 1020 N. Second St., Atchison, KS 66002, for the mission of the monks or for the formation of priests in the Prelacy of Cristalandia.

About the author

Joe Bollig

Joe has been with The Leaven since 1993. He has a bachelor’s degree in communications and a master’s degree in journalism. Before entering print journalism he worked in commercial radio. He has worked for the St. Joseph (Mo.) News-Press and Sun Publications in Overland Park. During his journalistic career he has covered beats including police, fire, business, features, general assignment and religion. While at The Leaven he has been a writer, photographer and videographer. He has won or shared several Catholic Press Association awards, as well as Archbishop Edward T. O’Meara awards for mission coverage. He graduated with a certification in catechesis from a two-year distance learning program offered by the Maryvale Institute for Catechesis, Theology, Philosophy and Religious Education at Old Oscott, Great Barr, in Birmingham, England.

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  • Bishop Herbert Hermes’ oldest brother, Eugene Hermes, 100 yrs. in July 2017, Whitefish, MT, died later in January 2018.

  • A Big Thank You to Joe Bolling @ the Leaven!! This is a great story , of our
    Beloved Missionary Bishop Herbert Hermes!!

    I have met Bishop Herbert Hermes at least 6 times on his visits to Kansas,
    Minnesota and @ his nephew’s Ordination @ the Norbertine Abbey in Los Angeles.
    My sister, Marlene, is married to Norbert Hermes, Bishop Herbert’s identical twin.